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How to Navigate PM Kusum Yojana : Essential Steps for Ground Mount Solar Project Developers

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The PM Kusum Yojana (Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthan Mahabhiyan) has emerged as a pivotal program in India’s renewable energy landscape, particularly for ground mount solar project developers. Launched in 2019, this initiative holds the promise of revolutionizing electricity generation and consumption, especially in rural areas. With a robust target of installing 25,750 MW of solar power by 2025, the PM Kusum Yojana presents a significant opportunity for developers to contribute to India’s clean energy transition. However, understanding and navigating the complexities of this scheme can be daunting. In this blog post, we delve into the intricacies of the PM Kusum Yojana (visit Website), its benefits, and challenges, and provide a comprehensive guide for ground mount solar project developers to successfully implement the scheme.

Understanding the PM Kusum Yojana:

The PM Kusum Yojana is a central sector scheme designed to facilitate the installation of solar pumps and grid-connected solar power plants in rural areas. It comprises three key components:

1. Component A: Installation of 10,000 MW of grid-connected solar power plants, ranging from 500 kW to 2 MW in capacity. These plants sell power to DISCOMs at fixed tariffs.

2. Component B: Deployment of 1.5 million standalone solar pumps for irrigation and drinking water purposes. Farmers and water users’ associations receive incentives under this component.

3. Component C: Solarization of existing grid-connected agricultural pumps by retrofitting them with solar power systems.

PM Kusum Yojana- Benefits for Ground Mount Solar Project Developers:

Developers engaging in ground-mount solar projects under the PM Kusum Yojana stand to gain several benefits:

1. Viability Gap Funding (VGF): The scheme offers VGF to enhance the financial viability of projects, covering up to 30% of the project cost or Rs. 20 lakh per MW, whichever is lower.

2. Assured Power Purchase Agreement (PPA): Developers can enter into PPAs with DISCOMs, ensuring a fixed tariff for the sale of electricity generated by their solar power plants. These PPAs typically span 25 years.

3. Land Availability Support: The government assists developers in land acquisition and leasing processes, facilitating the identification of suitable land parcels and streamlining leasing procedures.

PM Kusum Yojana- Essential Steps for Developers:

Ground mount solar project developers can navigate the PM Kusum Yojana effectively by following these essential steps:

1. Eligibility Criteria Assessment: Developers must ensure that their projects meet the eligibility criteria outlined by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), including parameters such as project size, location, and technology compatibility.

2. Comprehensive Project Preparation: Thorough feasibility studies and detailed project reports are essential to assess factors like solar radiation levels, land topography, and evacuation infrastructure adequacy.

3. VGF Application: Developers should submit VGF applications through the MNRE portal, providing comprehensive project reports and financial models to support their requests.

4. PPA Negotiation and Signing: Negotiating and signing PPAs with DISCOMs is crucial, necessitating careful consideration of tariff terms and payment security mechanisms.

5. Timely Project Implementation: Ensuring timely and high-quality project implementation is paramount, with strict adherence to MNRE guidelines and quality standards throughout the process.

Challenges and Opportunities:

While the PM Kusum Yojana presents significant opportunities for ground-mount solar developers, it also poses certain challenges:

1. Land Acquisition Hurdles: Challenges may arise in acquiring and leasing land for project implementation, emphasizing the importance of efficient land identification and leasing facilitation processes.

2. Grid Connectivity Requirements: Developers must address grid connectivity challenges and ensure the adequacy of evacuation infrastructure to support seamless integration with existing power grids.

3. Financial Viability Management: Managing financial risks and ensuring project viability in the face of evolving market dynamics and regulatory frameworks is essential, underscoring the importance of VGF and PPA security mechanisms.

State-wise Opportunities:

The PMKusum Yojana offers promising opportunities across various states in India, with certain states standing out for ground-mount solar development:

1. Rajasthan: Known for its high solar irradiance levels and abundant land availability, Rajasthan presents lucrative prospects for ground-mount solar projects.

2. Gujarat: With existing solar infrastructure and supportive policies, Gujarat offers a conducive environment for ground-mount solar development.

3. Madhya Pradesh: The state boasts extensive agricultural land and significant solar potential, positioning it as a favorable destination for ground-mount solar projects.


In conclusion, the PM Kusum Yojana holds immense potential to transform India’s renewable energy landscape, particularly in rural areas. Ground mount solar project developers play a crucial role in realizing this potential by navigating the complexities of the scheme effectively. By understanding the intricacies of the PM Kusum Yojana, leveraging its benefits, addressing challenges proactively, and capitalizing on state-specific opportunities, developers can contribute significantly to India’s clean energy transition. With the right approach, support, and commitment, PM Kusum Yojana can emerge as a catalyst for sustainable development and usher in a brighter, greener future for the nation.